I had to do this for my homework, and since I liked it I decided to upload it on this blog. I know I haven’t posted something in quite a whie but I had so much going on, what with school homework, my tution homework, trying to write a post on VR tech (Should be coming soon), and making a game by myself in Unity. If you havent already, check out the games I have already made here. They are all just tutorial games from Unity, and it goes to them, I just made it and uploaded it. I also went to Unity’s Roadshow in New Delhi. LOADS of fun by the way. You know what? I might even write on that. Anyhow, lets get on with the article.
UK’s decision to leave the EU is undoubtedly one of the most controversial so far. Termed Brexit, this is a highly debated topic and one which can have worldwide repercussions. Let’s look at the facts and figures of the vote, as well as a region-wise breakdown of the referendum that took place on 23 June.
Facts and figures
The UK as a whole
The turnout for this referendum was 71.8%, with over 30 million people casting a vote. This is the highest turnout in a UK-wide vote since the 1992 general election. This goes to show how much this was valued, and how critical a decision it was. Nearly everyone of voting age had a choice. Leave won the vote with 51.9% to 48.1%.
In Wales, Leave won with 52.5% to 47.5%. The irony here comes in when one sees that Wales receives more from Brussels as part of the EU than it puts in, a net benefit estimated at $325 million per year. EU funding has created nearly 37,000 new jobs for Welsh workers, and has helped more than 556000 into work training. With Britain exiting the EU, it will have to deal with many regions that have EU sized expectations, which will be difficult to deal with considering that Brexit may well cause an economic depression.
Like Wales, Northern Ireland is also heavily EU dependent for subsidies, and nearly 90% of its farmer’s income is EU money. More intelligently in the opinion of some, Northern Ireland voted to Remain, with 55.8%. Also, as Northern Ireland was formed due to Protestant and Catholic divisions in the 1920s, it remained with the UK. However, there is still a sizeable Catholic population pushing for Irish reunification. Before, with Britain in the EU, there was not much need for real borders between Ireland and its northern counterpart. The Brexit vote puts this in jeopardy.
Scotland is a much more immediate risk, and voted for Remain heavily, with 62% of their population thinking that the EU is more of a boon than a bane. Apart from being heavily pro-European, Scotland is also heavily pro-UK; an opinion very well heard when 55% of Scots decided to remain in the UK less than 2 years ago. An independent Scotland would have to rely heavily on oil sales for their economy, which isn’t doing as well as before.
In its finality, the Brexit vote was decided by the UK, which makes up 84% of UK’s overall 64.1 million population and therefore had much more of an impact on the vote than the rest of the regions combined. Both migration and finances are valid concerns for UK, and longstanding ones. To address these concerns, PM David Cameron even renegotiated the UKs membership in the EU a few months ago. Still, it was inadequate to placate the English, who voted 53.4% to leave.
This may be a surprise, but London is strongly pro-European, and comparable to an island in the ocean of the anti-EU sentiments of England, and 60% of Londoners voted to Remain. London makes up just 12.5 % of the UKs population, but contributes to 22% of UKs overall GDP. Another point to note is that London is home to 37% of those who live in the UK but were born abroad, which can explain quite a bit of the vote.
UK may have voted to leave EU, but the actual exit process will include negotiations about UKs relation with the rest of the EU, and won’t happen until the coming autumn. This has also given some regions reasons to look for life beyond the UK. The think tank Open Europe predicted that in the worst case, UKs GDP will go down by 2.2% by 2030, and a best case scenario says that it will rise by 1.6% in the same period. Some decisions should be taken with a long term perspective in mind, and this has shown that people don’t always bear that in mind.
PS. Comment on your views about the Brexit